Introduction

They say the better part of travelling is meeting the people from the countries you visit.  They do not say how much that meeting will affect you, neither how heartbreaking such encounters can be.  The first time I met a one legged man in Laos, while visiting COPE – the charity for the war injured, I asked him how he lost his leg?

“The American’s took it,” he replied.

What can one say to that? 

Such emotionally confronting sights are common in South East Asia if you let yourself see them.  Too many of the people who come here simply gloss over the lives of the people they encounter.  Too many go home and say, “Oh South East Asia is alright, beautiful countryside… but so many beggars!”  Without giving any thought to what this means and what causes people to beg on the streets.  Beg, not because they want money for a drug addiction, simply because there is no governmental help for the war-wounded and having no legs, fingers or arms is a lifelong barrier to entry to almost anywhere.

We have spent the last three months travelling all over SEA with our eyes wide open.  In fact, we decided to go all the way and visited all the disabled workshops, children’s orphanages and museums that we could.  We have met with Cambodians missing limbs, Children Orphaned by AID’s, Vietnamese who fought against the US and Laotians struggling to come to terms with their ravaged country.  Along the way, we have visited many of the actual areas attacked by or affected by the war, spoken with war photographers who captured the images that define the war and run our hands over the pockmarked remains of war equipment.  This is not very hard to do.  Simply visit Laos, Cambodia or Vietnam and you cannot help but see if you only look.

However, the results are not pretty.

 

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Through all this I have held off commenting on the war, known to those in Vietnam as “The American War,” until I actually left the area.  This is because millions of people in South East Asia are still feeling the effects of the conflict everyday and by being there I was in danger of missing perspective on the big-picture.  I wanted to be far enough away from it all to be able to get some context before I commented.

That is why this blog entry exists.  We left the area in February, bound for India, and after much discussion between us, I feel I can properly write about the American War.

Historical Outline

Everyone knows about the war in Vietnam, right?  Wrong.  Before coming here, 90% of the information I had about the Vietnam War was created by the US movie industry.  I grew up watching Platoon, Hamburger Hill and The Deer Hunter.  To me the Vietnamese were slant-eyed nightmares who charged the noble US grunts fighting for freedom in the jungle.  Before I left home, I had neither any idea where Laos was nor had I known the tragic history of Cambodia (all I knew was that it didn’t look like Kansas).

If you are in the same situation, here is a quick outline of what actually happened in easy to understand steps. 

Caveat.

Please keep in mind that while I do have some qualifications as a historian, I have not attempted to be definitive here in any sense other than intentions. Some of the numbers happened at the same time and some may be out of order.  I have linked all my sources in the endnotes of the article.

The War

1. 22px-Flag_of_France.svg The French took over a lot of SEA apart from Malaysia, which was British owned thanks to a British adventurer who had his balls shot off.

2. 22px-Flag_of_France.svg The Japanese invaded in WWII and “kicked them all out”.

3. 22px-Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg The British, US (via sea), Australasians’ and free people of SEA defeated the Japanese.

4. 22px-Flag_of_France.svg The French tried to get their empire back.

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The French landing back in SEA were confident of victory

5. 22px-Flag_of_Vietnam.svg They were defeated by the Vietnamese in battle.

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A soldier begs for the end to battle

6. 22px-Flag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China.svg Meanwhile the Chinese went communist.

7. 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg The US invented the idea that since China was next to the USSR and SEA was next to China, a dangerous “Domino Effect” might spread Communism as far south as taking over Australia.  This shows a mighty misunderstanding of the Australian temperament.

8. 22px-Flag_of_Vietnam.svg Ho Chi Min declares his country separate and his view communist.

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Ho Chi Min (Centre in white)

9. 22px-Flag_of_Cambodia.svg The King of Cambodia declares his leanings communist after a long visit to China.

10. 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg All parties agreed to avoid war or get involved.

11. 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg All parties ignored this agreement and the US started “advising” South Vietnam.

12. 22px-Flag_of_South_Vietnam.svg The South Vietnam regime is blood thirsty and even uses the guillotine. Much like the reports of the North then.

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The guillotine of Deim

13. 22px-Flag_of_South_Vietnam.svg The South Vietnam leader is assassinated, which shocked Kennedy.

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Kennedy and US Defence Secretary Robert Mcnamara

14. 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg Kennedy is assassinated.

15. 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg The US either engineer, or allows to happen, the Gulf of Tonkin incident securing a declaration of war.

16. 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg The US strategy in the war is similar to the “Shock and Awe” tactic used in the 2nd Gulf War.  They believe that the communists will eventually quit.  Thus, it becomes a war of attrition.  This later proved a wrong move (see endnotes).

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A US base comes under attack

17. 22px-Flag_of_Vietnam.svg The Vietnamese do not give up and build a very long road that weaves in and out of Vietnam and Laos, which allows them to go around the north/south divide in Vietnam.  This is known as the “Ho Chi Min Trail.”

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When the trail was blown up the VC simply carried their equipment

18. 22px-Flag_of_Laos.svg The Laos army tries to stop this and the Vietnamese start a revolution/uprising/civil-war in Laos.

19. 22px-Flag_of_Laos.svg Laos’ king asks the US to help after being left somewhat in the lurch by the French.  They start a secret